Bartolomeo Cavarozzi, St. Jerome Visited by Angels, early 17th Century.
In the Western Churches, September 30 is traditionally the feast day for St. Jerome, the hermit and Biblical scholar.
Jerome is most famous for his Latin translation of the Bible, which remained the dominant and standard translation of the scriptures in Western Christianity for over a millennium after his death in 420. Most artists portray Jerome in his study, a book nearby and usually open in front of him.
Supposedly, Jerome began his translation of the Bible at the urging of Pope Damasus, with whom he corresponded. In subsequent centuries, this relationship became the basis of a belief that Jerome had been a cardinal — even though there is no contemporary basis for this proposition. Thus, he is often portrayed with a cardinal’s hat and/or with the red clothes of a cardinal.
Niccolò Antonio Colantonio, Jerome in his Study, 15th Century.
Joos van Cleve, Jerome in Study, circa 1520-25.
El Greco, Saint Jerome, circa 1605-10.
Antonello da Messina, Jerome in Study, circa 1474.
Francisco de Zurbarán, Jerome in the Desert, Tormented by Memories of the Dancing Girls of Rome, 1639.
Albrecht Dürer, Saint Jerome in his Study, 1514.
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons.