Vincenzo Camuccini, The Death of Caesar, circa 1804-05. Take note of Caesar’s outstretched left hand, pointed toward Caesar’s friend Brutus, who has turned his head away, perhaps out of shame or guilt, or perhaps because he cannot bear to watch Caesar die.
Camuccini (1771-1844) was born in Rome, and he painted many of his best-known works there, although he also lived for periods of time in Munich and Paris. He painted a number of scenes from classic Greco-Roman history, including La Morte di Cesare shown above, The Departure of Regulus for Carthage, and Ptolemy II. Camuccini also painted a number of works on religious themes, including Incredulity of Saint Thomas, Presentation in the Temple, and a depiction of The Conversion of Saint Paul for the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
Camuccini, an Italian, painted this scene, showing the assassination of a dictator, at about the time Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor and was conquering half of Europe, including much of Italy.
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons.